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Training Activity

PhD students will develop their individual research project with the guidance of Supervisor(s) appointed by the Scientific Board.

The scientific training necessary to carry out excellent research, while enhancing career prospect after the PhD, encompasses different kind of training: formal training (classes and seminars), training through research, training through exposure to the non-academic sector, transferable skills training.

In particular, the PhD program includes:

  • Training activity. The PhD program requires PhD students to attend graduate courses offered directly by the Department of Earth Sciences and by national and international schools.
  • Research activity. Research activity between the members of the Department and the PhD students in national and international projects, also in co-operation with industry and research centers.
  • International experiences & training. Conferences, schools and research in partner institutions.
  • Research Seminars The department of Earth Sciences, organises specialist conferences on a range of subjects at different times of year. Some of these meetings are international conferences and workshops. T

Laboratory activities are also part of the research training. In addition, PhD students are encouraged to spend periods abroad at academic or non-academic institutions. They are asked to take part in international conferences, write scientific papers, and disseminate the results of their research, also to the general public.

The education of PhD students is completed by the transversal skills courses organized by the Doctoral School.

The Study Plan of the PhD Program in Earth Sciences requires the acquisition of 180 CFUs, which include 130 CFUs of research activity (Type B credits) and 50 CFUs from scientific and complementary training activities (Type A credits) (e.g. courses, seminars, summer schools, etc).

Research activity.
The Ph.D. is the highest academic degree offered by the University. Students who earn it must demonstrate significant intellectual achievement, high scholarly ability, and great breadth of knowledge. In addition, doctoral work requires heavy participation in research or other kinds of creative activity. Students will have the opportunity to carry out focussed research in the discipline under close supervision; to acquire or develop skills and expertise relevant to their research interests; to broaden their horizon above and beyond the focus of their research through specific training in transferable skills.

Disciplinary and interdisciplinary training activity.
Within the three years of the Ph.D. course, students must also obtain CFUs from disciplinary and interdisciplinary training activities (e.g. courses, seminars, summer schools, etc).

The following Table details the typology of CFUs:

Details the typology of CFUs






Doctoral courses (frontal lessons and laboratory)

1 CFU = 4 hours



Courses with field trip activities

1 CFU = 2 days



Doctoral and High Formation Schools external to your Doctoral School

1 CFU = 4 hours

This item includes doctoral courses organized by external (other UNITO doctorates, other universities), if credits are assigned by the relative schools, the expected credits will be maintained.


Courses with field activities outside the doctorate.

1 CFU = 2 days

For example, didactic excursions related to the training activity during lessons, workshops, study days etc.


Participation in annual PhD students seminars and workshops.

1 CFU = 4 hours

For the recognition of credits, only the actual hours must be entered.


Unpaid teaching activity for frontal lessons, including lessons and other activities for non specialistic public (3rd Mission activities).

1 CFU = 8 hours

For the recognition of credits, the certificate of the teacher of the activity must be presented.


Free educational activity for support activities in the laboratory or on the field.

1 CFU = 16 hours

For example, tutorials. For the recognition of credits, the certificate of the activity teacher must be presented.


Courses of II level  

1 CFU = 8 hours 

Subject to Supervisor authorization


Poster presentation during national and international congresses




Oral presentation during national and international congresses


If the oral presentation is not made by the PhD student, only 1 CFU will be awarded.


Presentation of annual seminars regarding your research activity


They must be planned with the ROS (seminar organization manager)


Publication on non-ISI journal


It will be increased of 1 CFU if the doctoral student is the corresponding author.


Publication on ISI journal


It will be increased of 1 CFU if the doctoral student is the corresponding author.


Training during research activities at Institutions abroad

1 CFU = 5 days

Only research activities abroad (from which the days relating to courses, conferences, etc., which can be registered as CFU A must be subtracted). The research activity and seminar courses must be certified with relevant documents signed by the tutor/researcher of reference at the foreign institution.


The department board will assign 32 type B credits at the end of each year, after the discussion of the research activity report in front of the PhD school council. The rule applies to doctoral students that began the PhD in the previous years.

The schedule of the specific courses is planned every year by the Scientific Board of the Ph.D. course. Credits cannot be acquired from courses of I level, this activity will not contribute to the acquisition of the credits necessary to reach the annual number of hours.

Students can do a maximum of 40h/year for teaching support activities and 30h/year for third mission activities

The department of Earth Sciences, organises specialist conferences on a range of subjects at different times of year.  Some of these meetings are international conferences and workshops. They are aimed at students and recent graduates, but participation is open to all interested parties.

For the complete list of events visit the page of Research Seminars.

At the end of each year, doctoral students are required to present an annual report, both orally and in the form of a written report (both in English), detailing the results of their research activities (including any stays abroad, conference participation, and scientific publications produced), as well as a summary of their teaching activities (courses attended) and third-mission/public engagement activities.

Each student is assigned an internal reviewer, who is responsible for analyzing the produced documentation in advance with a critical approach, asking questions, and providing suggestions on how to conduct the research. Based on the reports submitted and on the opinion of the internal reviewer, the Scientific Board decides on the admission of first and second-year doctoral students to the following year, and third-year doctoral students to the final examination.

The PhD Thesis is written in English. Note that it is expected that the research work for the thesis should lead to at least one publications in peer reviewed journals.

The PhD Thesis can be written in one of the following ways:

  • Monograph
  • Collection of the topic of at least 2 "scientific papers" already published on ISI journals.
    The collection can be integrated with other published papers and/or submitted manuscripts. Articles and submitted manuscripts must reflect the topics of the PhD project. The collection must include an "Introduction" paragraph which details the reasons of the research work and a "Conclusions" paragraph which summarizes the most significant results. Repetitions among the articles and submitted manuscripts (e.g., Geological setting, Methods etc.) should be avoided. Each scientific article must be preceded by an “introductory paragraph” that frames the article in the research work covered by the PhD Thesis. The text must be complemented with the necessary supplementary material.

Please refer to this page for the list of requirements from University of Turin.



Last update: 17/06/2024 10:38
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